In 1865 the first international organization for prehistoric archaeology was founded in La Spezia (Italy) as the Congrès international d’anthropologie et d’archéologie préhistorique (CIAAP). It was active until the First World War, when it was dissolved due to the rivalries between nations. A new organization was created in 1931, in Bern, to continue this international effort, the “International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences” (IUPPS). Since then, it groups together all the sciences related to prehistoric and protohistoric studies: archaeology, anthropology, palaeontology, geology, zoology, botany, environmental sciences, physics, chemistry, geography, history, numismatics, epigraphy, mathematics and other.
Continue reading “The “History of archaeology” commission of the International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (IUPPS)”
Research into the mechanisms of adaption and the dynamics of human societies lies at the heart of the IUPPS’s scientific interest. The IUPPS therefore periodically organises a world congress of prehistoric and protohistoric sciences and creates scientific commissions devoted to specific research issues.
One of these commissions is devoted to the History of Archaeology.
The proceedings of the historical sessions of the 18th IUPPS World Congress have been recently published in open access by Archaeopress. Edited by Sophie A. de Beaune, Alessandro Guidi, Oscar Moro Abadía, Massimo Tarantini, the volume New Advances in the History of Archaeology contains 15 contributions and is divided into three sections entitled:
- From Stratigraphy to Stratigraphic Excavation in Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology
- Epistemology, History and Philosophy of Science: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the History of Archaeology
- Archaeology and interdisciplinarity, from the 19th century to present-day research.
Sophie A. de Beaune, Catriona Brogan, Massimo Cultraro, Alessandro Guidi, Shumon T. Hussain, Georgia Kourtessi-Philippakis, Rémi Labrusse, Caroline Malone, T. Rowan McLaughlin, Oscar Moro Abadía, Federico Nomi, Olivier Notter, Eóin Parkinson, Aurora Pețan, Sébastien Plutniak, Gianna Reginelli Servais, Elena Rossoni-Notter, Patrick Simon, Suzanne Simone, Simon Stoddart, Massimo Tarantini, Marcelo J. Toledo, Sebastiano Tusa, Giorgos Vavouranakis, Marzena Woźny.
Ingo Wiwjorra and Dietrich Hakelberg, member of the IUPPS “History of Archaeology” commission, have recently edited a collection of essays, published under the title Archäologie und Nation: Kontexte der Erforschung „vaterländischen Alterthums“. Zur Geschichte der Archäologie in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 1800 bis 1860. The book is available in open access here, and abstracts in English are provided at the end of the volume and here.
It includes contributions by Wolfgang Adler, Sebastian Brather, Wolfgang Burgdorf, Gabriele B. Clemens, Hubert Fehr, Dietrich Hakelberg, Andreas Hüther, Stephan Karl, Stephan Lehmann, Urs B. Leu, Achim Leube, Brigitta Mader, Fred Mahler, Marianne Pollak, Timo Saalmann, Vladimír Salač, Jens Schulze-Forster, Jasper von Richthofen, Ingo Wiwjorra.
- Wiwjorra, Ingo & Hakelberg, Dietrich (eds). Archäologie und Nation: Kontexte der Erforschung „vaterländischen Alterthums“. Zur Geschichte der Archäologie in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 1800 bis 1860. Heidelberg: arthistoricum.net. DOI: 10.11588/arthistoricum.801. ISBN: 978-3-948466-84-8.
Organizors: Sébastien Plutniak & Alessandro Guidi
Conference website: https://uispp2020.sciencesconf.org
For thirty years now, the history of archaeology has been a growing field of investigation, constituting a set of studies based on rigorous historical methods and archival materials, organising a community and research programs (Schnapp et al. 2007). These empirical (i.e. archive-based) investigation strengthened the interest for the production, conservation, dissemination and re-use of the documents produced by past archaeologists (Merriman and Swain 1999, Moro Abadía 2013). In return, this aroused a new interest by the archaeologists themselves in the archive of the discipline, not only to get a better understanding of its history, but also to use the archival materials as a source of archaeological data. This renewed interest is parallel to the current concern about open science and (digital) data-reuse in archaeology (Kansa and Kansa 2013) but this session will focus on the former. Several recent research projects had given a crucial role in the study and re-use of ancient archaeological documentation. Examples include, investigations at the Abri Pataud prehistoric shelter (Nespoulet and Chiotti 2007) and about the skeleton found in the Regourdou 1 cave in Southern France (Maureille et al. 2015), at the Mas d’Azil cave (Ramis et al. 2015), at the rediscovered Moulin Quignon site in Northern France (Antoine et al. 2019), at Niah’s Cave in north Borneo, Malaysia (Barker et al. 2013).
Continue reading “19th IUPPS conference. Call for paper: “Old excavations, new data: the use of archives in current archaeological research projects””